Although poverty has decreased over the past two centuries, about 40 percent of the world’s population still lives on less than $2 per day. Approximately one in seven peoplejust under one billionsubsist on less than $1 per day. The most extreme cases of poverty surface in the least developed countries of the world, particularly in heavily populated South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, as well as in rural areas within those regions. Although the United States is considered the richest country in the world, it has the highest poverty rate among industrialized nations. As prosperity has increased, so too has inequality, not only around the globe but also within countries.
World Poverty explores how to define, measure, and keep track of poverty; the causes of poverty; and counterstrategies. Detailed case studies examine the situations in the United States, India, Syria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guatemala, and the Ukraine, and investigate the strategies that these national governments have adopted to fight poverty.
Index. Bibliography. Glossary. Chronology. Graphs.
About the Author(s)
Sylvia Whitman has written several books for young adults. Her articles have been published in Cobblestone, Calliope, Boston Globe Magazine, and Human Rights. She obtained an M.A. in Arab studies from Georgetown University and an M.A. in American studies from the University of Texas at Austin.
Foreword author Steven N. Durlauf is professor of economics at the University of Wisconsin and former director of the Economics Program of the Santa Fe Institute. He obtained a Ph.D. in economics from Yale University and has published numerous books and scholarly articles in the field, including Handbook of Economic Growth and Poverty Traps.